• Pell Center Executive Director Jim Ludes moderates the lecture about Pope Francis' encyclical letter as panelists Craig Condella, Deb Curtis, Jayme Hennessy, Susan Meschwitz and Chad Raymond look out upon a crowd of Salve students and Newport community members

    Spring 2017 Lecture Series Announced

    Today the Pell Center announced our Spring 2017 event series. Tickets to Pell Center events are free. Please RSVP in advance for each event on the Pell Center’s Eventbrite page, and call 401-341-2927 or email pellcenter@salve.edu with any questions or concerns.

    Please note, most events this spring will take place at the Bazarsky Lecture Hall in the O’Hare Academic Center. The exception is our March 28, 2017 event, “Rockin’ the Free World,” which will take place at the DiStefano Lecture Hall in the Antone Academic Center.


    The 1916 Easter Rising and the Origins of Modern Irregular Warfare

    February 15, 2017, 7:00 p.m.

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall

    Dr. Timothy D. Hoyt, John Nicholas Brown Chair of Counterterrorism, U.S. Naval War College

    On April 24, 1916 (Easter Monday), Irish rebels seized key locations in downtown Dublin and declared an independent Irish Republic.  The “Easter Rising” ended in ignominious defeat, but also marked a new stage in Ireland’s struggle for national independence.  Lessons learned from the Rising contributed directly to the success of Irish rebels in the Anglo-Irish War of 1919-1921.  They also served as a model for future anti-colonial and independence struggles around the globe later in the 20th century.

    RSVP here.


    Racial Equity: What is the Call to Action for Higher Education?

    Thursday, March 2, 2017, 7:30 p.m.

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall

    Bethany Johnson-Javois, CEO of the St. Louis Integrated Health Network

    Bethany Johnson-Javois, Former Ferguson Commission Managing Director and CEO of the St. Louis Integrated Health Network will engage with attendees to re-connect with their leadership purpose and reflect on lessons learned from her work to address community-level trauma and toxic stress spurred by the events in Ferguson, MO on August 9, 2014. Ms. Johnson-Javois will outline a series of calls to action for higher education that offer a path to what generational change will require, using the lens of racial equity.

    This event is in partnership with Salve Regina University’s Office of Multicultural Programs and Retention. Bethany Johnson-Javois’ visit is supported by a grant from the Davis Educational Foundation, established by Stanton and Elizabeth Davis after Mr. Davis’s retirement as chairman of Shaw’s Supermarkets, Inc.

    RSVP here.  


    The Future of U.S. Asia Policy Under a Trump Administration

    Thursday, March 21, 2017, 7:00 p.m.

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall


    • Isaac Stone Fish, Senior Fellow, Asia Society
    • Dr. Tanvi Madan, Director of the India Project, Brookings Institution
    • Jeff Smith, Director of Asian Security Programs, American Foreign Policy Council

    Moderator: Dr. Iskander Rehman, Senior Fellow, Pell Center

    A panel of distinguished experts will discuss the future of the U.S. Asia Policy under a Trump Administration. In the course of the moderated discussion, the panelists will discuss issues such as the threats posed to freedom of navigation in the Asian maritime commons, the future of the US-India relationship, and perceptions of the new U.S. administration and of its Asia policy from different Asian capitals, including Beijing. The presentations will be followed by a short Q and A with the audience.

    RSVP here.


    Rockin’ the Free World

    Tuesday, March 28, 2017, 7:00 p.m.

    DiStefano Lecture Hall

    Dr. Sean Kay, Professor in the Department of Politics and Government, Ohio Wesleyan

    In Rockin’ the Free World, international relations expert Sean Kay takes readers inside “Bob Dylan’s America” and shows how this vision linked the rock and roll revolution to American values of freedom, equality, human rights, and peace while tracing how those values have spread globally. Rockin’ the Free World then shows how artists have engaged in advancing change via opportunity and education; domestic and international issue advocacy; and within the recording and broader communications industry. The book is built around primary interviews with prominent American and international performing artists ranging from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees and Grammy winners to regional and local musicians. The interviews include leading industry people, management, journalists, heads of non-profits, and activists. The book concludes with a look at how musical artists have defined the American experience and what that has meant for the world.

    RSVP here.


    Unconditional Surrender: The Failure of Peace Negotiations in the American Civil War

    John E. McGinty Lecture in History

    April 20, 2017, 6:30 p.m.

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall

    James M. McPherson, George Henry Davis ’86 Professor of American History Emeritus at Princeton University and Pulitzer Prize-winning author

    Most wars in American history have been ended by peace negotiations that led to a treaty between the contending parties: the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Spanish-American War, World War I, even in some respects the Vietnam War.  The two major exceptions are the Civil War and World War II, which ended in unconditional surrender and the utter destruction of the losing side’s government and political structure.  The lecture will discuss the various efforts for a negotiated peace during the Civil War and will analyze why they failed–indeed, why they really had no chance to succeed.

    RSVP here.


    Defying the Nazis: The Sharps’ War – Film Screening & Discussion

    Monday, April 24, 2017, 7:00 p.m.

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall

    “Defying the Nazis: The Sharps’ War,” a film directed by Ken Burns and Artemis Joukowsky, tells the story of Waitstill and Martha Sharp, a Unitarian Minister and his wife from Wellesley, Massachusetts who spent nearly two years on life-threatening missions in Europe. The couple left their children behind in the care of their parish to help save political dissidents and Jewish refugees fleeing the Nazi occupation across Europe.

    This lecture is in partnership with Touro Synagogue.

    RSVP here.



  • February 4, 2017 – “Story in the Public Square”

    How we play and how we teach our children to play are tremendously important narratives in public life. Jonathan Alexandratos argues that “toys are texts,” and we should read them with the same analytical eye we bring to books, movies, songs, and other media.

    Jonathan Alexandratos is a playwright and professor of English at Queensborough Community College in New York City. His edited collection of academic essays on the narrative in toys is titled “Articulating the Action Figure: Essays on the Toys and Their Messages,” and will be out in May of 2017 from McFarland.IMG_5245

    “Story in the Public Square” airs on Rhode Island PBS in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts on Sundays at 11 a.m. and is rebroadcast Thursdays at 7:30 p.m. An audio version of the program airs Saturdays at 8:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. ET and Sundays at 1:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. ET on SiriusXM’s popular P.O.T.U.S. (Politics of the United States), channel 124.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership between the Pell Center and The Providence Journal. The initiative aims to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.


  • January 28, 2017: “Story in the Public Square”

    Science is simultaneously celebrated, ignored, and criticized in public life. In this episode of “Story in the Public Square,” hosts Jim Ludes and G. Wayne Miller sit down with Pulitzer-Prize winning science journalist Dan Fagin to better understand the power of science to explain the world around us, whether we like what it’s telling us, or not.

    Dan Fagin's Book Cover 2Dan Fagin is the director of the Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program at New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute, in which he teaches Environmental Reporting and Current Topics in Science, Health and Environmental Journalism. He is also the founder and director of the Science Communication Workshops at NYU.

    Awarded the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction, Dan’s latest book, Toms River: A Story of Science and Salvation, was described by The New York Times as “a new classic in science reporting.”

    This week’s episode is supported by The Pulitzer Prize Committee and the Rhode Island Council for the Humanities, whose commemoration of the centennial of the Pulitzer Prize is RICH_marksexploring the changing nature of journalism and the humanities in the digital age.  Their project, “What is the 21st Century Essay?” focuses on environmental issues because of their urgency and relevance to our health, communities, and the economy.

    “Story in the Public Square” airs on Rhode Island PBS in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts on Sundays at 11 a.m. and is rebroadcast Thursdays at 7:30 p.m. An audio version of the program airs Saturdays at 8:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. ET and Sundays at 1:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. ET on SiriusXM’s popular P.O.T.U.S. (Politics of the United States), channel 124.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership between the Pell Center and The Providence Journal. The initiative aims to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.

  • Pell Center Partners with Newport County Chamber of Commerce

    Newport, R.I. ­­­­­­­­­­– The Pell Center at Salve Regina University’s Cyber Leadership Initiative is partnering with the Newport County Chamber of Commerce to promote cybersecurity and help small and medium-size enterprises prepare for the increasing growth, volume, and sophistication of cyber threats.

    The partnership will continue collaborative events as part of the Pell Center’s Rhode Island Corporate Cybersecurity Initiative (RICCI) and will aim to educate Newport County’s business leaders about cyber preparedness and cyber risk management.  RICCI, now it its fourth consecutive year, was designed to develop senior business leaders and decision makers who can affect change and make Rhode Island’s business community and critical industries safer, more resilient, and prepared to confront emerging threats.

    “We are excited to partner with the Pell Center on this extremely important initiative.  While all businesses need to take precautions to protect themselves from cyber threats, small businesses are particularly vulnerable.  The Pell Center’s expertise on these matters are a tremendous asset to the local economy and offering their services and workshops to our members will prove to be a tremendous resource in helping businesses to prepare and protect themselves into the future as these threats and attacks continue to become more prominent,” stated Erin Donovan-Boyle, executive director of the Newport County Chamber of Commerce.

    “Cyber risks affect all industries and all markets and can represent an existential threat – especially to smaller companies that have limited resources and have often built their entire business around one line of products or services,” said Francesca Spidalieri, Senior Fellow for Cyber Leadership at the Pell Center. “As small businesses continue to take advantage of technology innovations – from cloud services and industrial automation to social media and online advertisement – in order to promote efficiency, productivity, and economic growth, they must also be able to protect an expanding attack surface and mitigate a growing number of cyber threats.”

    “The Pell Center is part of a remarkable community, and we welcome the opportunity to connect with the local businesses in our neighborhood on an issue as timely and important as cybersecurity,” said Jim Ludes, executive director of the Pell Center. “Erin Donovan-Boyle has made great strides in helping Newport County’s businesses succeed in their ventures and we’re excited to work with her.”

    The Newport County Chamber of Commerce helps its members succeed through legislative advocacy, economic development, education, savings, networking and increased visibility.

    For more on upcoming RICCI events, please click here.


  • January 21, 2017: “Story in the Public Square”

    One of the big stories of the last six months has been the protest over the Dakota Access Pipeline.  This week on “Story in the Public Square,” two Native American activists talk about events on the Standing Rock Sioux reservation and the role of storytelling in native culture.

    Lorén Spears is a Narragansett educator, author, artist, oral historian and executive director of the Tomaquag Museum in Exeter, R.I., dedicated to the preservation and celebration of Narragansett and Native American history and culture.

    Christian Hopkins is a Native American activist and entrepreneur. A recent business graduate from Haskell Indian Nations University, he traveled to Cannonball, North Dakota, to stand in solidarity with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, protecting their water and supporting their voice in opposition against the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL).

    “Story in the Public Square” airs on Rhode Island PBS in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts on Sundays at 11 a.m. and is rebroadcast Thursdays at 7:30 p.m. An audio version of the program airs Saturdays at 8:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. ET and Sundays at 1:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. ET on SiriusXM’s popular P.O.T.U.S. (Politics of the United States), channel 124.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership between the Pell Center and The Providence Journal. The initiative aims to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.

  • January 14, 2017: “Story in the Public Square”

    *Rebroadcast April 15-16, 2017*

    The United States finds itself in the midst of an information war with an old adversary.  This week, national security analyst Tom Nichols will help us understand the contours of that conflict, the role of storytelling in it, and also the implications of what he calls “the death of expertise.”

    Nichols is a professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval War College, a former Jeopardy champion, and author of the soon to be published book The Death of Expertise.

    “Russian information operations in the U.S. election are the most visible examples of storytelling’s impact on public affairs today. Tom Nichols brings a lifetime of study and thought to a lively conversation about the challenges facing the United States and what we can do to meet them,” said Jim Ludes, executive director.

    “Story in the Public Square” airs on Rhode Island PBS in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts on Sundays at 11 a.m. and is rebroadcast Thursdays at 7:30 p.m. An audio version of the program airs Saturdays at 8:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. ET and Sundays at 1:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. ET on SiriusXM’s popular P.O.T.U.S. (Politics of the United States), channel 124.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership between the Pell Center and The Providence Journal. The initiative aims to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.


  • “Story in the Public Square” to be broadcast weekly on Rhode Island PBS, SiriusXM P.O.T.U.S.

    Newport, R.I.—The Pell Center at Salve Regina University will broadcast new weekly episodes of “Story in the Public Square” on Rhode Island PBS and nationally on satellite radio provider SiriusXM P.O.T.U.S. channel 124 beginning the weekend of January 14, 2017.

    Hosted by Pell Center Executive Director Jim Ludes and G. Wayne Miller, visiting fellow and director of the Story in the Public Square initiative, the new episodes will feature interviews with today’s best print, screen, music, and other storytellers about their creative processes and how their stories impact public understanding and policy.

    “The power of storytelling to shape public life in the United States has never been more obvious,” said Ludes. “We look forward to exploring those issues with audiences, shining light into some dark spaces, and hopefully having some fun along the way.”

    “The heart of this show will always be its guests,” said Miller, a staff writer at The Providence Journal, “and each week we’ll bring incredibly talented individuals and their stories to our audiences.”

    “Story in the Public Square” airs on Rhode Island PBS in Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts on Sundays at 11 a.m. and is rebroadcast Thursdays at 7:30 p.m. An audio version of the program airs Saturdays at 8:30 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. ET and Sundays at 1:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. ET on SiriusXM’s popular P.O.T.U.S. (Politics of the United States), channel 124.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership between the Pell Center and The Providence Journal. The initiative aims to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.

    Rhode Island PBS is the state’s most accessible learning resource. Committed to the principle of life-long learning and in response to the identified needs and interests of viewers, the mission of Rhode Island PBS is to enhance the quality of life of the residents in its viewing area by delivering programs and services that educate, inform, enrich, inspire and entertain viewers of all ages in Rhode Island, southeastern Massachusetts, and eastern Connecticut.

    SiriusXM P.O.T.U.S. channel 124 features non-partisan political talk radio. SiriusXM is the world’s largest radio company with more than 31.3 million subscribers, offering commercial-free music; premier sports talk and live events; comedy; news; exclusive talk and entertainment, and a wide-range of Latin music, sports, and talk programming.

    First published in 1829, The Providence Journal is the oldest continuously published daily newspaper in the United States.

    For more information about Story in the Public Square, please visit http://pellcenter.org/story-in-the-public-square/.

  • Senior Fellow Iskander Rehman Published in Naval War College Review

    Newport, R.I. – Pell Center Senior Fellow Iskander Rehman recently published an article entitled, “A Himalayan Challenge: India’s Conventional Deterrent and the Role of Special Operations Forces Along the Sino-Indian Border,” in the 2017 Winter Naval War College Review.

    Dr. Rehman’s article aims to give a clearer picture of the security dynamic along the Sino-Indian border. It draws on field trips to the Himalayan border states of Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir as well as close to thirty interviews with intelligence officials and Indian Army (IA) and special forces officers, both serving and retired.

    “Conducting research for this study was both challenging and enthralling. Challenging because few detailed, open source studies have been published on the security dynamic along what continues to form the longest disputed land border in the world. It can also be difficult for foreign researchers to gain access to interviewees willing to discuss, even in general terms, some of the security issues deemed most sensitive by the Indian government.

    It was an enthralling experience  for precisely these same reasons. After many months of careful preparation and groundwork, I had the opportunity to conduct a series of interviews with senior Indian security managers–both civilian and military. Through our interactions, I learned a lot about New Delhi’s special forces, as well as its military posture and challenges along the Sino-Indian LAC, or “line of actual control.” I was also able to travel to some of the most beautiful–albeit remote–portions of the Indian Himalayan belt. My hope is that the Naval War College’s readers will find the insights gained from my research, interviews, and field trips useful for their own reflections on South Asia, special operations, and the future of mountain warfare.”

    The article lays out the operational benefits to be accrued from the tailored employment of Indian special operations forces in a number of potential conflict contingencies along the Sino-Indian border. While warning against an overreliance on special operators,  it argues strongly in favor of a better integration in-between Indian special and general purpose forces.

    Download the article here.

    Find the Winter 2017 Naval War College Review here.

  • “Truth: The First Casualty” – The 2016 National Story of the Year

    Newport, R.I. – The assault on fact and truth in public life, fueled by fake news and propaganda, has been named the 2016 National Story of the Year by the Pell Center at Salve Regina University.

    “The Story of the Year identifies the most important narrative to emerge in public life in the previous 12 months,” said G. Wayne Miller, visiting fellow at the Pell Center and director of the Story in the Public Square initiative. “From international stories to the hashtag narratives of the U.S. presidential election, we had lots of material to consider this year, but the emergence of the ‘post-truth’ era is by far the most consequential.”

    “Facts” and the “truth” have been threatened in American politics for some time. Decades ago, former New York Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan famously quipped “Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts.” Stephen Colbert, in 2005, introduced the word “truthiness” to his audience.  But in 2016, the assault on fact and truth shaped many of our most important public debates. The evidence is unmistakable:

    • Propaganda generated by a hostile foreign power played an important role in the U.S. presidential campaign. In one notable case, an inaccurate account in one Russian propaganda outlet actually made it into the stump speech of then-candidate Donald Trump.
    • According to PropOrNot, a propaganda monitoring research effort, more than 200 websites with an audience of 15 million Americans regularly distribute Russian propaganda.
    • Botnets—computers that behave like actual people on social media networks—combined with paid “trolls” regularly swayed public opinion in social media. In other words, sometimes things trended because someone wanted them to trend.

    The dangers of the post-truth era are becoming clearer with every day.  A fake news story inspired one individual to “self-investigate” a Washington, DC, pizza shop with an assault rifle, believing it to be the center of a human-trafficking operation tied to Secretary Hillary Clinton.  In Santa Maria California, Police confirmed they deliberately used a fake news story in a sting-operation.  During an appearance on The Diane Rehm Show, Trump campaign surrogate Scottie Nell Hughes went so far as to say, “There’s no such thing, unfortunately, anymore of facts” [sic].

    The consequences of this fact-free environment should be alarming to the citizens of a republic such as ours.  “In an information-rich environment where truth and falsehoods compete with the same inherent authority, citizens have to ask hard questions, we have to fact-check, we have to hold people to account,” said Pell Center Executive Director Jim Ludes.  “We must master critical thinking as a society, or else we risk major policy and political changes guided by something other than the truth.”

    “With bad information and compromised institutions, our most basic freedoms are in peril.  It is not too difficult to imagine a call to restrict First Amendment rights in the face of so much fake news,” said Miller.

    “It’s been said that truth is the first casualty of war,” continued Ludes.  “It shouldn’t be the first casualty of our politics, too.”

    The Pell Center selects a National Story of the Year each December as part of its Story in the Public Square initiative — a partnership between the Pell Center at Salve Regina University and The Providence Journal to study, celebrate, and tell stories that matter.

  • ‘Truck tolls’ roads, bridges plan named R. I. Story of the Year

    Newport, R.I. – Governor Gina Raimondo’s ambitious and controversial plan to modernize aging state roads and bridges – in part, through the imposition of tolls on trucks – has been voted the 2016 Pell Center Rhode Island Story of the Year.

    Raimondo’s blueprint, approved by the General Assembly in February, was selected by a panel of 19 judges from the media and academia. Runners-up in the annual contest were the governor’s failed “Cooler & Warmer” tourism campaign, and Corruption at the State House: House Finance Chair Raymond E. Gallison Jr. Resigns.

    The RhodeWorks plan is “a story that’s going to keep giving, I think for years to come,” said panelist John Howell, editor and publisher of the Warwick Beacon.

    “The story helped the public think about important questions – how, what and why programs are financed and the impact this particular program may have on our state. It fueled discussion and made us question and use our intellects,” said best-selling author Padma Venkatraman, a member of the Pell Center’s Story in the Public Square Story Board.Truck traveling on the road in Rhode Island.

    RhodeWorks aims to improve Rhode Island’s decaying highway infrastructure. While few disagree with that goal, partial financing of improvements through the use of tolls assessed by gantries on 18-wheel trucks created a firestorm of protest, with some companies threatening to leave Rhode Island and industry groups taking political action. The tolls became a factor in some local and General Assembly races; prompted a flurry of letters to the editor, op-ed pieces, and online postings; and kept the talk shows busy.

    Even Vice President Joe Biden weighed in, praising RhodeWorks on a May visit to Rhode Island and urging other governors to follow Raimondo’s initiative.

    “The gov, you took a lot of heat as I understand, at least that’s my impression, but you got the bill passed,” Biden told officials, business leaders and highway workers at a state Department of Transportation garage in East Providence.

    The Local Story of the Year was selected during a process that began with nominations by the 19-judge panel and concluded with voting on a ballot of the three most-nominated stories. Stories that were nominated but did not make the final ballot included Rhode Island’s reaction to the election of Donald Trump; the first woman, Col. Ann Assumpico, named superintendent of State Police; Republican Steve Frias nearly defeating Democrat House Speaker Nicholas Mattiello; St. George’s School reaching a settlement with victims of sexual abuse; the ongoing 38 Studios saga; and the January death of former Providence Mayor Vincent A. “Buddy” Cianci at 74.

    cooler-and-warmerBut “Cooler & Warmer” and “Corruption at the State House: House Finance Chair Raymond E. Gallison Jr. resigns” topped the ballots of several judges.

    “House Finance Chairman Raymond Gallison’s abrupt resignation was a stunning turn of events that left a huge hole in the Speaker’s leadership team and left constituents in Bristol/Portsmouth without representation on Smith Hill,” said Tim White, of WPRI-12 TV and Fox Providence. “It also reinforced the notion that Rhode Island is a hotbed of corruption.”

    John Palumbo, publisher of Rhode Island Monthly, said this of Cooler & Warmer: “This was the first major initiative of the Raimondo administration which was also a major campaign promise… We waited almost a year for the ‘taadaa’ moment. It was much like a vaudevillian pratfall – meaning, it fell flat on its face.”

    “The voting in this election year was tough, particularly with many national developments directly impacting Rhode Island,” said Pell Center Executive Director Jim Ludes. “But RhodeWorks was topping headlines before 2016 began, and continued throughout the year. rep-raymond-e-gallison-jrAs John Howell said, expect it to be making news into 2017 and beyond.”

    “It is sometimes said that Rhode Island is a theme park for journalists, and that goes for consumers of local news as well,” said G. Wayne Miller, Providence Journal staff writer and director of the Pell Center’s Story in the Public Square program. “This year did not disappoint.”

    The 2016 judges were: Michelle R. Smith, Associated Press, Providence; Steve Klamkin, WPRO radio; Steve Forleo, faculty member and student-newspaper adviser at Community College of Rhode Island; Doreen Scanlon, ABC-6 TV; Robert Hackey, Providence College professor; Lorén Spears, executive director of the Tomaquag Museum and a Story in the Public Square governor; Gene Valicenti, WPRO radio and NBC-10 TV; George T. Marshall, executive director of Flickers’ Rhode Island International Film Festival and a professor at Roger Williams University; Carol Kozma, Providence Journal staff writer; Susan H. Areson, former deputy executive editor of The Providence Journal; Dan Paquet, executive producer of The News with Gene Valicenti, WPRO radio; M. Charles Bakst, retired Journal political columnist; Judy Barrett Litoff, Professor of History, Bryant University; and Venkatraman, Howell, White, Palumbo, Ludes, and Miller.

    The winner of the Pell Center National Story of the Year will be announced next week by Miller and Ludes.

    Story in the Public Square is a partnership of the Pell Center and The Providence Journal.

    Readers can weigh in on the 2016 selection on Twitter @pubstory, or Facebook

    Images courtesy of The Providence Journal.

Page 3 of 812345...Last »