• Roundtable Question: What Role for God in American Politics?

    The Pell Center’s next roundtable lunch and conversation will be:

    The Time: Wednesday, April 18, at 12:00 PM.

    The Place: Wakehurst 003–Basement

    The issue: God and American politics.

    Featuring: Dr. Dan Cowdin, Associate Professor Religious and Theological Studies and Dr. Jim Ludes, Executive Director of the Pell Center.

    “Pay Caesar what belongs to Caesar — and God what belongs to God.”

    — Jesus Christ in Mark (12:17)

    “I certainly believe in the separation of church and state. I do not believe in the separation of faith and politics.”

    — Rick Warren on ABC News “This Week,” April 9, 2012

    Jesus Christ drew a distinction between God and government that has resonated across the millennia.  In the midst of a U.S. presidential campaign, however, religious language and fervor often blur the distinction, leading to political conversations that sound and feel theological.

    So the question for this roundtable is:

    What is the proper role for God in American politics?  Should the Gospel be the basis for public policy?  Do some politicians exploit—with or without distortion of God’s word—faith for political gain?

    Share your thoughts here, and RSVP to pellcenter@salve.edu to join us for lunch on April 18!

    (Note: The blog is open to all to participate, but lunch is open only to members of the SRU Community: students, staff, and faculty.)

  • Energy Geopolitics: Thinking about China’s Defense Spending

    Webster’s defines “geopolitics” as:

    1. a study of the influence of such factors as geography, economics, and demography on the politics and especially the foreign policy of a state
    2. a governmental policy guided by geopolitics
    3. a combination of political and geographic factors relating to something (as a state or particular resources)

    And during the Cold War we talked about geopolitics, or so it seemed, with a lot more frequency than we have in recent years.

    But competition for energy supplies makes us think about geopolitics.

    And here, my mind can’t help but be drawn to China.

    A couple of key points from the International Energy Agency:

    • 48% of global growth in energy demand between now and 2035 will come from China.  In fact, by the end of that time, China is projected to use 170% of the energy that the United States uses.
    • While the bulk of that demand for energy will come in the form of energy for industry (read: coal), China’s burgeoning middle class will also consume more and more petroleum.

    And here’s where things get a bit provocative on the energy geopolitics front.

    Until the mid-1990s, China was a net exporter of energy.  But since that time, it has imported more and more of its energy, and those projections only grow.

    Out of curiosity, I decided to track China’s defense spending against the percent of its energy that is imported.  The above chart depicts the data.

    Now as my friend and former colleague Bernard Finel always reminds me, correlation is not causation, but the trend lines here are fascinating for what they suggest about China’s increase in defense spending in relation to its need for foreign sources of energy.

  • New Event: Healthcare Reform and Rhode Island

    On Monday, April 30, 2012, the Pell Center for International Relations will host a half-day conference on the state of healthcare reform in Rhode Island.  Featuring keynote remarks from Senator Sheldon Whitehouse, and a who’s-who of healthcare officials and policy makers, the conference is intended to take stock of what’s planned and what’s possible as we await the Supreme Court’s decision on the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act. The current agenda with confirmed speakers is below, or you can download a .pdf here.

    Seating is limited.  RSVP to pellcenter@salve.edu.

    Healthcare Reform and Rhode Island:
    The Law, the Politics, and the Implementation

    A Half-Day Conference and Conversation hosted by the Pell Center at Salve Regina University

    Monday, April 30, 2012

    12:30 PM      Registration

    1:00 PM        Welcome from the University

    1:05 PM        Panel I: The Policy and Politics of Healthcare Reform

    What are the key features of the Affordable Care Act?  What are they intended to do?  How were they developed?  How did policy and politics come together in the crafting of the legislation?  What are the key political and policy issues today?  What is the Supreme Court considering?  How will it affect the debate moving forward?


    Jordanna Davis, Senior Associate, Sachs Consulting
    Darrell West, Vice President and Director, Governance Studies, Brookings
    Linda Katz, Co-Founder and Policy Director, The Economic Progress Institute

    2:15 PM        Panel II: Healthcare Reform Implementation in Rhode Island

    While the national political debate simmers, the implementation of the Affordable Care Act continues.  How has the law already affected the State of Rhode Island and the people who live here?  What are consumers likely to see affect them in the coming months and years?  How will the citizens of the state be affected by major changes from Washington?


    Jane Hayward, President, RI Community Health Center Association
    Christopher Koller, Health Insurance Commissioner, Office of Health Insurance Commissioner, State of RI
    Peter Andruszkiewicz, President, BCBS of RI
    Dennis Keefe, President & Chief Executive Officer at Care New England
    Elizabeth Roberts, Lt. Governor of Rhode Island

    3:30 PM        Keynote Address: Senator Sheldon Whitehouse

    Senator Sheldon Whitehouse is a key player on healthcare in the United States Senate.  Elected to the U.S. Senate in 2006, he is a member of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee and has made lowering costs and increasing the quality of care a priority issue.

    4:30 PM        Conclude

  • Dennis Weichel: American Hero

    Specialist Dennis Weichel of the Rhode Island National Guard is an American Hero.  He deployed to Afghanistan to fight the Taliban and al Qaeda.  He died saving a little girl from being struck by a truck.

    After more than ten years of persistent conflict around the world, there are some who would say that we have grown desensitized to the loss of American lives overseas.  But Specialist Weichel, the father of three children himself, reminds us of the sacrifice and honor of America’s men and women in uniform.

    People who served with him, remember Specialist Weichel as a giving person.  WPRO quoted Staff Sergeant Ronald Corbett as saying, “He would have done it for anybody.  That was the way he was. He would give you the shirt off his back if you needed it. He was that type of guy.”

    Specialist Weichel, posthumously promoted to Sergeant, died protecting an innocent.  He will be buried next week in Rhode Island.


  • Energy, Iran, and Cybersecurity: Up-coming events at the Pell Center

    Wednesday, April 4, 2012 at 6:30 PM

    Energy Geopolitics: Supply, Demand, and U.S. Foreign Policy with William Sweet, Author and Journalist (a joint event with Newport CIV)

    In the last year, global energy markets were shaken by Middle East instability while Japan grappled with the worst nuclear power disaster in history.  The future of energy is a future of increasing demand and pressure on supplies, whether political, environmental, or economic.  China will consume 50% of all the new energy brought online over the next 25 years such that by 2035, the International Energy Agency projects, China will consume almost twice the energy of the United States.  The implications for U.S. foreign policy, and for American consumers, cannot be over-stated.

    In this presentation, William Sweet, author and journalist, explores the shifting contours of energy supplies and U.S. foreign policy.

    Wednesday, April 11, 2012 at 6:00 PM (Note earlier start time!)

    Iran’s Nuclear Program: Possible Futures and U.S. Policy with David Albright, Founder and President of the Institute for Science and International Security

    “Is Iran building a nuclear bomb?”  That’s the question that has dominated U.S.-Israeli relations for sometime, and it–and the related set of questions of what one would do about it–have filled newspaper columns with talk of another Middle East War.

    In this talk, David Albright discusses what the west knows about Iran’s nuclear program, and what the United States and its allies might do to limit Iran from developing nuclear weapons.

    Wednesday, May 9, 2012 at 6:30 PM

    Cybersecurity: Order or Anarchy? with Victor Fay-Wolfe, University of Rhode Island Digital Forensics Lab (a joint-event with Newport CIV)

    The penetration of computer networks into modern society is no longer new.  But the recognition of the threats associated with modern information technology is just beginning to gain widespread recognition.  While technical experts have long-warned of a digital-Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government is taking an increasingly active role in defending cyber as a new domain of battle, while law enforcement focuses increasing resources on investigating cyber crimes.

    TO RSVP FOR THESE EVENTS, EMAIL: pellcenter@salve.edu or call 401-341-2927.

    Seating is limited!


  • Quick Hit: Shadow War between Israel and Iran not so Shadowy

    Over the last several years, scientists associated with Iran’s nuclear program have been killed in a series of attacks.  According to NBC News, the United States believes Israel is behind these killings–part of a shadow war to slow or halt Iran’s nuclear program.

    Just last month, the Washington Post reported:

    A scientist linked to Iran’s nuclear program was killed in his car by a bomb-wielding assailant on Wednesday [January 11, 2012], a bold rush-hour attack that experts say points to a further escalation in a covert campaign targeting the country’s atomic officials and institutions. The precision hit in a northern Tehran neighborhood killed the 32-year-old chemical engineer employed at Iran’s main uranium-enrichment facility and brought to four the number of Iranian scientists killed by bombs in the past two years.

    Today, it looks as if Iran has retaliated with attacks in India and in the Republic of Georgia.

    In India, the wife of an Israeli diplomat escaped injury when the car she was riding in to pick up her children from school was bombed by an assailant on motorcycle.  Another attack was thwarted in the Republic of Georgia at about the same time, according to ABC News and the Washington Post.

    Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu blamed Iran.  As and reported for the Washington Post:

    Ticking off a list of recent attempts around the globe to attack Israelis and Jews, all of which he said were successfully thwarted, Netanyahu called Iran “the greatest exporter of terror in the world.”

    “In all these cases,” Netanyahu said, “the elements behind the attacks were Iran and its proxy, Hezbollah.”

    All of this is set against the backdrop of rising international concern of Iran’s nuclear program, with many openly discussing the possibility of an Israeli strike against Iran this spring.

  • Roundtable: What does American “strength” mean in the 21st century?

    A B-2 bomber drops its payload. What defines U.S. “strength” in the 21st century?

    The Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy presents its second roundtable for the spring 2012 semester.

    This roundtable will focus on the question posed by Washington Post columnist David Ignatius:

    What does American “strength” mean in the 21st century?  Is it a recovery of the kind of power and prerogative the United States had, say, in the Ronald Reagan years?  Or is it something more aligned with changes in the global balance?

    Dr. James M. Ludes of the Pell Center and Dr. William Leeman of the History Department will lead the discussion on Thursday, February 16th, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 pm in the library at Ochre Court.

    Pell Center Roundtable lunches explore emerging issues in a small group setting intended to encourage an exchange of views.

    Seating is limited to 15 members of the Salve Regina Community. Please R.S.V.P. by February 13, 2012 to pellcenter@salve.edu.

  • Quick Hit: ‘We the People’ Losing Appeal

    I read this story in the New York Times on Monday and found it both fascinating and troubling.

    “We the People” Loses Appeal with People Around the World”

    Here’s a brief quote:

    In 1987, on the Constitution’s bicentennial, Time magazine calculated that “of the 170 countries that exist today, more than 160 have written charters modeled directly or indirectly on the U.S. version.”

    A quarter-century later, the picture looks very different. “The U.S. Constitution appears to be losing its appeal as a model for constitutional drafters elsewhere,” according to a new study by David S. Law of Washington University in St. Louis and Mila Versteeg of the University of Virginia.

    It’s a fascinating account.  What do you make of it?  Why is the U.S. Constitution less a model today than it was 25 years ago?

  • Opinion: The Politics of National Interest

    Archibald MacNeal Willard’s iconic painting, “The Spirit of 1776”

    The “Halftime in America” ad from Chrysler that I found so compelling angered Karl Rove.

    Go figure.

    You could simply chalk it up to different political perspectives—and that might be true, but not in the way you would think.  I’ll explain.

    Democrat or Republican, I’m drawn to candidates who put the nation ahead of party.  Liberal or conservative, I’m attracted to public servants who seek common solutions to common problems.  I want our government to be responsive.  I believe the reason to get into politics is to get something done, not just for ourselves, but for the greater good, to leave behind something better for our children, and our grandchildren.

    My take away from the ad was not an endorsement of President Obama—but a summons, a calling to Americans to shake off the slumber of recession and get back to work.  No more excuses.  Let’s figure it out, together, and get something done.

    Rove saw something more sinister:

    I was frankly offended by it. I’m a huge fan of Clint Eastwood. I thought it was an extremely well done ad. But it is a sign of what happens when you have Chicago-style politics.  The President of the United States’ political minions are, in essence, using our tax dollars to buy corporate advertising and the best wishes of the management, which has benefited by getting a bunch of our money that they’ll never pay back.

    Or maybe he just saw an opportunity to get on television.

    Truthfully, it doesn’t have to be one or the other.  Karl Rove has long practiced a politics of division and destruction—and the message in that Chrysler ad is a threat to those tactics.

    Clint Eastwood, who proclaimed on Monday that he is “certainly not politically affiliated with Mr. Obama,” understood what the ad was about:

    It was meant to be a message . . . just about job growth and the spirit of America.  I think all politicians will agree with it.

    The American Spirit.  Remember it?  The public does.  And they are tired of people on the left and the right who think that the American Spirit is divisive.

    The American people don’t want partisanship, they don’t want division.  They want results.  They are tired of politics as usual and long for the politics of national interest.

    The politics of national interest recognizes that politics are not evil or dirty.  The political process—trading and compromise—is the essence of democracy.  But it should be aimed at the best interest of the country as a whole—not the narrow interests of one party or individual candidate.

    Unfortunately, there are too many people around the country—not just in Washington—who believe the purpose of politics is simply “to win elections.”  Such small purpose is not what the founders intended.  They saw elections as the best means to express the will of the governed, and to provide legitimacy to the decisions of elected officials.  They were never intended to provide a simple spring-board for the next election.

    Focusing our politics on winning elections is also too small a task for the challenges we face, and will face, in the 21st century.  The result has been near-permanent political stalemate.  As a result, in recent months, we have seen some lament the paralysis in our free institutions and others envy China’s ability to make rapid decisions and act on them.  These sentiments are not new.  Consider the envy of Fascism’s economic strides in the 1930s or the admiration of Soviet scientific achievements in the 1950s.  In both historic instances, however, a healthy, functioning democracy provided America all the energy, adaptability, and competitiveness we needed to overcome both those challenges.

    But our democracy is not functioning well now because our politics—and the culture around them—are focused exclusively on winning elections to the detriment of all else, including the national interest.  Just look at what the leaders of both parties in the U.S. Senate have said in recent years:

    “President Bush is a liar.  He betrayed Nevada and he betrayed the country.”

    — Senator Harry Reid (D-NV)


    “The single most important thing we want to achieve is for President Obama to be a one-term president.”

    — Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY)

    Is it any wonder that we have failed as a society to achieve consensus on big issues?  In most cases, we haven’t even had a national conversation because we are too busy destroying our enemies and gearing up for the next election.

    Make no mistake about it, there are big issues at stake in the next election:

    • What is the appropriate role of government in the United States?
    • What should America’s role in the world be?
    • How do we achieve energy security?  Nuclear security?  Economic security?
    • How do we make America more competitive in the global economy?

    The “Halftime in America” ad was a reminder that we can rise to any challenge.  That sentiment is only politically divisive if you want it to be.

  • Quick Hit: Halftime in America

    Forget about the football game last night–I know I’m trying to.  The halftime ad from Chrysler with Clint Eastwood was remarkable, though, not simply for it’s length and expense, but for its emotional power.

    It’s halftime America, and our second half is about to begin.

    It tapped something basic in the psyche of America: the idea that hard times don’t define us; that together we can do anything; that tomorrow is going to be better than today.

    That sentiment was the hallmark of President Obama’s campaign in 2008 before withering under the onslaught of recession and heated healthcare debates.  Joe Klein chronicled the loss of faith in a memorable story for Time magazine in October 2010.  Klein wrote:

    Topic A is the growing sense that our best days as a nation are behind us, that our kids won’t live as well as we did, that China is in the driver’s seat.

    The sweet-spot in American politics this cycle will be found by the candidate who matches uncertainty and anxiety about the future with resolve, clarity, and, yes, hope.

    I’ll have more to say on this topic–and the politics of national interest–in future posts. But right now I’m content to watch this ad as the antidote to the angst that dominates our politics today.
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