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International Relations

International Relations

The big questions in public policy today are too often viewed from just one national perspective. Yet, many of the challenges facing the United States today are not unique to this country. The Pell Center project on global challenges examines difficult public issues from an international perspective. Through studies and events, we explore issues in health care, education, aging, criminal justice and more in order to understand how other modern, industrial societies deal with the same critical challenges. In understanding the global response to these issues, we may find lessons for American policy makers. At minimum, we’ll deepen the understanding of our shared human experience.

International Relations Reports

India, China, and differing conceptions of the maritime order

India China and differing conceptions of the maritime order

Author: Iskander Rehman

The law of the sea is one of the structural pillars of the international order. The complex rules and norms that govern freedom of navigation and maritime economic activity have played a crucial role in maintaining the global commons free from policies of enclosure, coercion and expropriation. Drawing on the relevant strategic and legal literature, this report engages in a comparative analysis of India and China’s attitudes towards the law of the sea. It charts the growing divergences—both normative and behavioral—between Asia’s two great rising powers with regard to freedom of navigation and maritime territorial disputes. It concludes by analyzing the ramifications of these developments for the future of global stability.

Download the article here.

India’s Fitful Quest for Seapower

Author: Iskander Rehman

Building on several years of research, field trips, and many interviews of Indian military officers and government officials, both serving and retired, this article aims to provide a deeper understanding of the role of the Indian Navy in India’s grand strategy. In particular, it seeks to explain a troubling paradox: the relative neglect of the navy vis-à-vis the other services, and the seeming misalignment of New Delhi’s military strategy with its maritime geography.

 

Download the article here.

A Himalayan Challenge: India’s Conventional Deterrent and the Role of Special Operations Forces Along the Sino-Indian Border

Author: Iskander Rehman

Dr. Rehman’s article aims to give a clearer picture of the security dynamic along the Sino-Indian border. It draws on field trips to the Himalayan border states of Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir as well as close to thirty interviews with intelligence officials and Indian Army (IA) and special forces officers, both serving and retired.

The article lays out the operational benefits to be accrued from the tailored employment of Indian special operations forces in a number of potential conflict contingencies along the Sino-Indian border. While warning against an overreliance on special operators,  it argues strongly in favor of a better integration in-between Indian special and general purpose forces.

Download the article here.

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