• Pell Center Debuts New Website

    A screen grab from the new Pell Center website

    Newport–The Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy at Salve Regina University relaunched its official website, www.salve.edu/pellcenter, today, Monday, March 4, 2013.

    The redesigned site features the latest news and events from the Pell Center, an expanded roster of fellows, and social media links for the Pell Center’s Facebook, Twitter and blog to increase opportunities for public interaction.

    “The new site reflects important developments at the Pell Center, including the growth of our own research capacity and the vitality of our events,” said Jim Ludes, Executive Director of the Pell Center. “It was important for us to better integrate social media as well,” Ludes continued, “We don’t just want to be on broadcast all the time, we want to be part of a public conversation.”

    The website also features a new project at the Pell Center.  Story in the Public Square, in partnership with the Providence Journal, is a year-round initiative to study and celebrate storytelling’s impact on public affairs. Story in the Public Square will launch with a conference, free and open to the public, on April 12, 2013.  Registration, when it opens, will be available through the Pell Center website.  Additional information about registration will be released later this week.

  • Pell Center Welcomes Kathleen Shannon as Visiting Fellow

    RICH LogoThe Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy at Salve Regina University is pleased to welcome collaboration facilitator and strategist Kathleen Shannon as a visiting fellow in residence at the Pell Center this Spring.

    The Rhode Island Council for the Humanities (RICH) and the Van Beuren Charitable Foundation are supporting Ms. Shannon’s work to explore a framework for collaboration among Newport cultural institutions, with a particular focus on Colonial Era assets. Their efforts promise to enhance the overall profile and resources of cultural institutions, grow Newport opportunities, and tackle challenging problems no single organization can solve alone.

    “We are delighted to support this important initiative from RICH and the Van Beuren Charitable Foundation,” said Jim Ludes, Executive Director of the Pell Center.  “Newport’s history is so entwined with the larger story of America’s growth and development.  We’re happy to play a small role in supporting Kathleen’s work.”

    Ms. Shannon has spent most of her career working across sectors and disciplinary boundaries leading organization to collaborative models and practices. These efforts often lead to shared infrastructure, expanded resources and creative practices and partnerships. In recent years, she worked closely with faculty leadership at Brown University as the Director of Research Initiatives. In that role, she increased awareness of Brown’s unique interdisciplinary research strengths, built critical national/international partnerships and enhanced and diversified sources of sponsored funding.

    Kathleen lives in East Bay area with her husband and two daughters


  • Pell Center Wins Major Grant Award from Rhode Island Council for the Humanities

    RICH LogoAward will Support Initiative to Examine the Role of Storytelling in Politics and Public Life

    Newport—The Pell Center at Salve Regina University has won a major grant award from the Rhode Island Council for the Humanities (RICH), an independent state affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities.  The grant, announced by RICH on Monday, January 14, is to support Story in the Public Square, a project to examine and celebrate the use of storytelling in public affairs.

    Story in the Public Square will launch with a public conference on Friday, April 12, 2013.  The day-long event will feature accomplished story-tellers, whether they are journalists, novelists, or filmmakers, a screening of the Providence Journal’s acclaimed documentary “Coming Home” about veterans returning to southeastern New England after tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, keynote remarks by former Senator Gary Hart, and the presentation of the first Pell Center Prize for Story in the Public Square.  A detailed description of the event follows below.

    The winner of the inaugural Pell Center prize will be announced in the coming months.

    “This is great news for the Pell Center and Salve Regina University,” said Jim Ludes, Executive Director of the Pell Center.  “We’ve worked for nearly a year with our partners to organize a public program that begins with a day-long event this April and then continues with on-going research and programming that will both celebrate ethical storytelling and expose abuses.  We’re very grateful to RICH for their generous support,” he continued.

    G. Wayne Miller, a gifted storyteller and Providence Journal journalist, filmmaker, and author, is co-directing Story in the Public Square as a visiting fellow at the Pell Center.  “RICH’s support is a difference-maker for us,” he said.  “Their long record of support for great projects in the humanities is a real validation of our work.  We’re looking forward to the event on April 12th with real excitement and expectation.”

    Additional details about the program, the Pell Center Prize, and a contest for college students will be released in the coming weeks.

    For up to the minute news on Story in the Public Square, follow @pubstory on Twitter.

    Story in the Public Square

    April 12, 2013

    Pell Center at Salve Regina University

    Keynote Remarks by Senator Gary Hart

    Presentation of the first Pell Center Prize for Story in the Public Square

     Panel Discussion: Public Story Telling

    The use of storytelling in the public square is as old as politics.  This panel will examine contemporary story-telling in the public square, from many perspectives.  Each panelist will be asked to share their experiences in story-telling: the impact, the reach, the perils, and the promise of this time-honored element of public dialogue. Each will be asked to explore the importance of veracity in their work. Finally, each will be asked to discuss, briefly, the best example, from their perspective, of storytelling in modern American political discourse.

    MODERATOR: Karen Bordeleau, Providence Journal, acting executive editor

    • James Vincent, NAACP Providence
    • Christopher B. Daily, Boston University
    • Karen Thompson Walker, best-selling author of The Age of Miracles
    • Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz, University of Rhode Island
    • David Boeri, WBUR

    Screening of “Coming Home” and Panel Discussion: War Stories

    War has been a central narrative of the human experience since before Homer’s Iliad. For Americans, the latest chapters have come since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. In the eleven years since those attacks, nearly 50 southeastern New Englanders have died in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Thousands of veterans have returned forever changed. In an hour-long documentary, “Coming Home,” the Providence Journal tells the deeply intimate stories of several who served, and the after-effects of combat on them and their loved ones. “Coming Home” was broadcast on PBS, and shown at the 2012 Roving Eye and Rhode Island International Film Festivals and other venues. “Coming Home” was nominated in 2012 for a New England Emmy and won a regional Edward R. Murrow Award.

    MODERATOR: Donna Harrington-Lueker, Salve Regina University

    • John DiRaimo, Rhode Island National Guard, Iraq War veteran
    • Lt. Col Denis J. Riel, Rhode Island Air National Guard, Director of Air Staff, Deputy Chief of Joint Staff, Rhode Island National Guard, and a war veteran of Iraq
    • Bob Kerr, Providence Journal columnist, narrator of “Coming Home,” and Marine Corps combat veteran of Vietnam
    • The Honorable Elizabeth Roberts, lieutenant governor of Rhode Island
    • G. Wayne Miller, Providence Journal

     # # #

  • Pell Center Announces Fellows Program

    pell3The Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy today announced the creation of a fellows program designed to drive the intellectual agenda and on-going research of the center located at Salve Regina University in Newport, RI.

    Drawing from faculty at the University and seasoned policy professionals across the United States, the Pell Center is assembling a team whose members understand issues, are gifted communicators and teachers, and who have spent time not just studying a topic, but also working in the policy community.

    “We intend for the Pell Center to become a home to thought leaders and doers,” said Dr. Jim Ludes, Executive Director of the Pell Center.  “We want a blend of traditional academics, policy professionals, and social entrepreneurs,” Ludes continued, “people who know how to get things done.  In this first class of fellows, I think we’ve done just that.”

    The Pell Center is currently conducting a national search for a resident Senior Fellow in Public Policy.  The search, to be concluded in early 2013, is part of a new direction for the Pell Center, rebalancing its emphasis and its brand between international relations and public policy and also heralding the growth of an organic research capability at the Pell Center.

    Pell Center Fellows are available as resources to journalists, policy makers, and the academic community.


    Ms. Francesca  Spidalieri

    At the Pell Center: Fellow

    Day Job: Fellow for Cyber Leadership, Pell Center

    Areas of Expertise: Cybersecurity; cyber crime; information security strategies and policies; NATO and Transatlantic Relations; EU Policies and Institutions; United Nations

    Twitter: @Francesca_cyber

    Francesca Spidalieri, fellow for cyber leadership at the Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy at Salve Regina, leads the Cyber-security Leadership Development Project at the Pell Center. Spidalieri’s research focuses on cyber-security education and awareness. She also contributes to research activities on cyber-security at the US Naval War College Center for Cyber Conflict Studies under the mentorship of Professor Chris Demchak.

    Before joining the Pell Center, Spidalieri worked as a research analyst for Femin Ijtihad, a NGO dedicated to the study of Islamic jurisprudence and law in pursuit of gender equality, and as an interpreter assistant in Paris, France.

    Spidalieri earned her M.A. in International Affairs from the Fletcher School at Tufts University with a concentration in International Security Studies and Public International Law. Her graduate thesis, “NATO-EU Relations: A Strategic Partnership in the Making”, analyzed the implications of a stronger European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) on the NATO-EU relationship.

    Prior to Tufts, Spidalieri received a B.A. in Political Science and International Relations at the University of Milan, where she served as the faculty advisor for the University of Milan delegations to the Model United Nations in New York and China.

    A native of Catania, Italy, Spidalieri lives in Newport with her husband, LT Samuel Train, USN. Fluent in Italian, English, French and Spanish, Spidalieri is also an Italian tutor in the US for Italian companies.


    Ms. Kelly L. Bovio 

    At the Pell Center: Adjunct Fellow

    Day Job: Senior Policy Advisor, The Alliance for Business Leadership

    Areas of Expertise: Health Policy, Education Policy

    Kelly Bovio serves as Senior Policy Advisor for the Alliance for Business Leadership, bringing more than 15 years of experience in public policy, economic development and program management.

    Prior to joining the Alliance, Kelly served on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC as Senior Legislative Assistant to Senators John Kerry and Ernest “Fritz” Hollings, and Director of Rural Development to Congressman John Olver. She specialized in health and education policy, and was instrumental in drafting Senator Kerry’s first major piece of health legislation, “The Nurse Reinvestment Act.” Kelly also drafted the initial framework of Senator Kerry’s health care plan for his presidential platform. While working for Senator Hollings and Representative Olver, both members of the Appropriations Committee, she secured millions of dollars in support for community economic development projects. Kelly also oversaw Rep. Olver’s Foreign Operations Subcommittee assignment, and directed his Vice-Chairmanship of the Albanian Issues Caucus during the Balkan crises.

    In addition to her Congressional experience, Kelly directed the Denver Student Voices Project, an Annenberg Foundation program aimed at improving high school civic education and promoting student activism. She also served as Chief Policy and Advocacy Officer for Horizons for Homeless Children. She holds a B.A. in Communication from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and an M.A. in International Relations from the School of International Service at American University.

    Mr. Jonathan  Morgenstein 

    At the Pell Center: Adjunct Fellow

    Day Job: Founder, Chief Executive Officer, Empowerment Solar

    Areas of Expertise: Foreign Assistance, Security Sector Reform, Middle East/North Africa, Human Rights, Democracy, Rule of Law, Clean Energy

    Twitter: @jonathanmorgen

    Jonathan Morgenstein is in the process of launching Empowerment Solar, selling solar electricity in the Middle East.  Most recently, he helped establish two offices in the Department of Defense, the Global Strategic Engagement Team and then the office of Rule of Law and International Humanitarian Policy. Previously he served as a Senior National Security Policy Fellow at the Third Way, a DC-based think tank. Prior to that he was a Senior Program Officer at the United States Institute of Peace. As Senior Program Officer, he conducted conflict resolution trainings around the world, including in Bosnia, Colombia, Darfur, and Iraq. Before USIP, he assessed the African Union’s peacekeeping force in Darfur, Sudan for Refugees International. Jonathan has served over 21 years in the Marine Corps Reserves.  Currently a Captain, he has been selected for promotion to Major. He has served tours in, among other places, Ramadi, Iraq as a Civil Affairs Officer; Hit and Haditha, Iraq as a trainer embedded with the Iraqi Army; in Sarajevo, Bosnia; and at the Pentagon as an analyst for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Jonathan graduated from Cornell University and earned two Master’s degrees; in Teaching from the University of New Hampshire, and in International Policy Studies from Stanford University

    Mr. Craig  Mullaney 

    At the Pell Center: Adjunct Fellow

    Day Job: Senior Vice President, USTREAM, INC

    Areas of Expertise: Counterinsurgency, Afghanistan & Pakistan, U.S. Military

    Twitter: @craigstream

    Craig M. Mullaney joined Ustream, the world’s leading live broadcast network, in 2011.  As Senior Vice President for Content, Strategy, & Operations, Mullaney oversees media partnerships, programming, corporate strategy, and operations.

    He previously led the operations, planning, and strategy portfolio at Development Innovation Ventures, a venture capital fund within the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) that identifies, tests, and scales breakthrough innovations to core challenges throughout the developing world.  He previously served at USAID as the senior adviser to the Administrator, Dr. Rajiv Shah, on Afghanistan and Pakistan.  In 2010, Devex named Mullaney a “40 Under 40 International Development Leader.”

    Before joining USAID, Mullaney served at the Pentagon in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as the Principal Director for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Central Asia Policy and as the Chief of Staff for the Department of Defense Transition Team.  Prior to joining the Department of Defense, Mullaney was on the national security policy staff of President Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign.

    Mullaney graduated second in his class from the United States Military Academy.  After completing Ranger School, he continued to the University of Oxford on a Rhodes scholarship and earned two masters degrees in diplomatic and economic history.

    In 2003, Mullaney led an infantry rifle platoon along the hostile border between Afghanistan and Pakistan with the 10th Mountain Division as part of Operation Enduring Freedom.  His platoon, operating along a range from humanitarian assistance to combat engagements against al-Qaeda, earned the most combat decorations in the division.  Following his return to the United States, Mullaney joined the elite 3rd Infantry Regiment, “The Old Guard,” in Arlington, Virginia, responsible for Arlington National Cemetery burials, the Tomb of the Unknowns, and defense of the National Capital Region.  He served a three-year appointment to the history faculty of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland and led the International Scholarships Program to institutional and national record levels of success.  Mullaney’s military decorations include the Bronze Star, Army Commendation Medal with “V” device, Combat Infantryman’s Badge, Ranger Tab, and Parachutist Badge.

    Mullaney is the author of the 2009 New York Times bestseller The Unforgiving Minute: A Soldier’s Education, a Washington Post Best Books of 2009, Military Times Best Military Books of the Decade, and Barnes and Noble Discover Great New Writers selectionHe has appeared on The Charlie Rose Show, The CBS Early Show, BBC World News America, National Public Radio, The Colbert Report, and The Daily Show with Jon Stewart.  Mullaney speaks frequently about leadership, management, and education.  His speaking engagements have included Harvard Business School, U.S. Southern Command, Princeton University, JP Morgan Chase, military service academies, and numerous other business, academic, leadership, and policy forums.  Mullaney is a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and Adjunct Fellow at the Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy.

    A proud Rhode Island native, Craig currently resides in San Francisco, California.  A former wrestler, rower, marathoner, and sport parachutist, Mullaney’s current interests include cycling and barefoot hiking.

    Mr. Patrick J. O’Malley, Esq.

    At the Pell Center: Adjunct Fellow

    Day Job: Founder, Interpresas Consulting

    Areas of Expertise: International Business, International Law

    Patrick J. O’Malley is a Milan-based international corporate and securities lawyer, dual-qualified as an attorney both in the United States and in England & Wales, who serves a primarily European client base. He is an adjunct professor in comparative law matters at the Università Commerciale L. Bocconi in Milan, Italy the Universidad de Navarra in Pamplona, Spain, France Business School in Brest, France and ESADE in Barcelona, Spain.  He also teaches at a dozen other universities (including Salve Regina University and Providence College), companies, and professional legal/business training organizations around Europe and the U.S., and occasionally in Africa and Central Asia.

    Most of his courses cover comparative US-EU corporate and securities law issues, as well as other comparative law topics (including contracts law/drafting and occasionally others such as anti-trust). He has focused especially on issues of international corporate governance, transparency and global efforts to combat corporate corruption/bribery. He speaks fluent Italian, Spanish, French and Portuguese.

    O’Malley is a graduate of Providence College (BA), The Graduate Institute of International & Development Studies (DES) and Boston College Law School (JD). He is currently a candidate for a European Doctorate in Law.


    Dr. Luigi  Bradizza 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: American Politics, U.S. Constitution, Public Policy


    Dr. Michael  Budd 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Professor and Program Director, Salve Regina University
    Dr. Jameson F. Chace

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Director of Environmental Studies, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Urbanization, Climate Change, Water Quality


    Dr. Craig  Condella 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Associate Professor of Philosophy, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Environment, Technology, Science in Society

    Twitter: @craigcondella


    Dr. Debra  Curtis 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Gender and Sexuality, Human Rights, Popular Culture, Medical Anthropology, Public Health


    Dr. William P. Leeman 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Assistant Professor of History, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: U.S. Military, Civil-Military Relations, American Presidency and Politics


    Dr. Arlene J. Nicholas 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Director of MBA and Management Graduate Program, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Generation Y; Telework

    Twitter: @ajnich13


    Dr. Sheila O’Brien Quinn 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Dept. Chair and Associate Professor of Psychology, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Autism Treatment, Practitioner Training, Mandated Coverage


    Dr. Chad  Raymond 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Economic Development of Mid East and Asia; Higher Education


    Dr. Martha McCann Rose 

    At the Pell Center: Faculty Fellow

    Day Job: Professor, Salve Regina University

    Areas of Expertise: Education, Disabilities


  • Author James Carroll on Rhode Island’s and America’s Moral Charter

    On Thursday October 18, 2012, Boston Globe columnist and author James Carroll spoke at the kick-off a multi-day planning session organized by the Pell Center, the Newport Historical Society, the John Carter Brown Library, the George Washington Institute for Religious Freedom, Brown University, and Bryant University.

    Carroll, author of Jerusalem, Jerusalem offered a blend of historical context and contemporary political reflection, weaving the legacy of Roger Williams and Rhode Island’s “lively experiment” with religious freedom into a broader conversation about the role of faith and religious meaning in American culture.

    Carroll noted the prevalence of the phrase “a city on a hill,” in the American political lexicon.  Taken from Christ’s sermon on the Mount, and first used in the American experience by John Winthrop when he addressed his fellow pilgrims off the coast of what would become the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the phrase is intended to signal American exceptionalism.  President Ronald Reagan used the passage frequently, and Governor Mitt Romney has used it frequently on the campaign trail this year.

    The deeper meaning of the passage, however, is lost on most audiences.  The idea of creating a city on a hill among fundamentalist Christian groups is filled with apocalyptic meaning and emphasizes an American exceptionalism that has contributed to American foreign policy adventures, including the so-called “war on terror” which President Bush misguidedly referred to as a “crusade,” in 2001.

    In Rhode Island, however, political leaders like Roger Williams and others like John Clarke, sought a different approach to governance, one that rested on tolerance and acceptance—a tolerance so profound, said Carroll, that it included toleration of the intolerant.  Contrast that view with the belief that anyone different in the Massachusetts Bay Colony was a witch, subject to a penalty of death.

    The year 2013 marks the 350th anniversary of Rhode Island’s Royal Charter.  Over the course of next year, the Pell Center, Salve Regina University, and its partners at the Newport Historical Society and across the state will be hosting a wide range of scholarly and public events to consider the meaning of the “Lively Experiment” and its continuing relevance today.

    This past week, a call for papers was released for the academic conference in the autumn of 2013.

  • Event: Campaign 2012 Lecture and Debate Watch II


    Campaign 2012

    October 16, 2012 7:30 PM

    Bazarsky Lecture Hall – O’Hare Academic Center

    Salve Regina University
    Ochre Point Avenue (at the intersection with Shepard Avenue)
    Newport, RI
    RSVP to [email protected] or call (401) 341-2927

    Peter Steinfels, Ph.D.

    7:30 PM Lecture:

    Faithful Citizenship in a Partisan World

    with Peter Steinfels, Ph.D.

    (co-sponsored by the Religious & Theological Studies Department and Mercy Center)

    Since the 1970s, Catholics have been urged by church leaders to be “faithful citizens” and to shape the nation’s future by making moral choices in voting.  People of faith should bring their moral convictions into public life – and into the voting booth.  This requires more than blind partisan loyalties or simple self-interest.  It requires carefully formed consciences, courage and, as the Catholic bishops declare, “the virtue of prudence.”  But citizenship doesn’t begin and end on Election Day.  Morality means more than many people assume.  And prudence often leaves them confused.  How can we make sense of these crucially important ideas amid the clamor of campaigns, the blitz of negative ads, and the fog and fireworks of political spin?

    Peter Steinfels is an author, educator and journalist.  Formerly a senior religion correspondent at the New York Times, he created and continued to write “Beliefs,” a biweekly column on religion and ethics until 2010. Dr. Steinfels and his wife, Margaret O’Brien Steinfels, founded and co-directed the Fordham Center on Religion and Culture from 2004-2012 at Fordham University, where he is a university professor.

    followed by

    9:00 PM The Rematch:


    Will President Obama be able to rebound from what was widely viewed as a disastrous first debate?  Or will Governor Romney maintain his momentum?  Settle in with some popcorn and watch the debate with your Pell Center friends.

  • Opinion: Where’s the Dialogue on Climate?

    Ten days ago, I had the good fortune of moderating a panel at the Association of Opinion Journalists in Orlando, Florida.  The topic my colleagues and I were supposed to address was Climate and the Environment.  As I prepared my remarks, I couldn’t help but think about how lacking the public debate has been on substantive issues for the last two months.  Sure, there’s been a lot of coverage of the horse race that is presidential politics–but talk about being light on the issues!

    The two people I shared the panel with were remarkably qualified.  Andrew Holland of the American Security Project is a recognized thought-leader on environmental, energy, and climate issues.  Peter Pritchard is the “Godfather of Turtles,” and has been a Time magazine “Hero of the Planet.”

    So here is an excerpt of my opening remarks.  It was one person’s plea that we ought to be talking about big issues–not the small stuff that dominates the coverage.

    Begin Excerpt:

    . . . . I’ve been asked to say just a few words to tee up the issues and then turn it over to my colleagues who will really depress you.

    I kid.

    I make light of a very serious set of issues.  Why?  Because it’s so serious, and at times it seems like no one is listening.

    Like no one is paying attention as the environment around us changes.  As species that have survived for millennia slip into extinction.  As the science becomes clearer by the day.  As the evidence mounts daily—clear for everyone to see—that the climate is changing with potentially catastrophic consequences for life on this planet.

    Over at the University of Central Florida later today, Congressman Paul Ryan will be speaking at a campaign rally.  What do you think the odds are that he will mention the environment?  Do you think he will be asked about climate change?

    This is a candidate who two years ago suggested scientists were attempting to “intentionally mislead the public” about climate change.  He was of course referring to the so-called “Climate-Gate” emails.  But he of course has since made no reference to investigations from Penn State University in the United States, The University of East Anglia in Britain, the British House of Commons, the American National Science Foundation and the EPA—each of whom concluded that “Climate Gate” does not alter our understanding of what is happening in the Earth’s climate.

    In fact, the case for climate change—and human induced or anthropomorphic—climate change has only gotten stronger.

    Let me give you a couple of examples:

    • Researchers at Oxford University in the United Kingdom predict a 2.5 to 5.4 degree rise in global temperatures by mid-century—that’s a larger and faster increase than the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change—and most others—have predicted.[1]
    • In the Arctic, sea ice is disappearing, with new record ice loss seeming to arrive each year—and the general consensus emerging that the IPCC was too conservative in its projects about the rate of melt as well as the risk of sea level rise.[2]
      • This summer, sea ice collapsed to 1.32 million square miles, just 24% of the surface of the Arctic Ocean.  The previous low, set in 2007, was 29%.[3]
      • In 2007, the UN Climate Panel predicted sea ice would disappear in Arctic summers by mid-century.  Now experts believe it could be 2015 or 2016.
      • All manner of life on this planet is under stress.  There have been five great mass extinctions over the past 540 million years.  In each of those events, 75% or more of all species disappeared over the course of a few million years. Now scientists at UC Berkeley warn that humanity may be ushering in a sixth mass extinction.  Writing in the journal Nature, they reported last year that the current rate of extinctions far exceeds the historical norm, and should that rate continue, we will experience a sixth extinction in the next few centuries or millennia.  They drew special attention on the role of climate change, and conceded their conclusions may underestimate the impact of climate change on mass extinctions.  Yet they also had to concede that, in general, it is difficult to link the fate of any one species to changes in the Earth’s climate.[4]
      • Let’s be clear, plants and animals are adapting to climate by moving.  In 2003, researchers from the University and Texas and Wesleyan University found that the 1700 species they studied were “moving, on average 3.8 miles per decade toward the poles.  Animals and plants were also moving up mountain slopes.”[5]
      • And the phenomena is global.  In 2005, adult butterflies in Melbourne Australia, emerged from their pupae 1.5 days earlier each decade over previous 65 years.  Further laboratory observations linked this acceleration in development to warmer temperatures.

    These are a staggering set of issues, global in scale, and yet not on the agenda for debate in 2012.  And that’s a disgrace.  Whatever you believe, personally, about climate science, this is a conversation we need to have as a nation—and the two parties come at the issue in fundamentally different ways.

    Let me just point to one more piece of Congressman Ryan’s record:  in 2011, Congressman Ryan voted for an amendment to prohibit the Department of Agriculture from studying how to adapt to climate change.

    Ladies and gentlemen, are we really that confident that we don’t even want to be THINKING about what adaptation might look like for America’s farmers?

    In 2011, in my last few months as Executive Director of the American Security Project, we released a 50 state assessment of what climate change will cost the citizens of each state in the Union when their communities and economies are ultimately affected by climate change.  Our thought was—well, everyone can point to the cost of action.  What’s the cost of inaction?

    The numbers will break your heart because they dwarf, by a lot, the projected cost of the most recent comprehensive climate and energy legislation presented to Congress a couple of years ago.  Make no mistake about it, we’re going to pay for climate change—it’s just a matter of how much and when.

    That’s the conversation we need to have six weeks before election day, here in Orlando and around the country.  I hope someone has the opportunity to ask Congressman Ryan about it when he’s at UCF today.

    But in this hall this morning, we are fortunate to have two great speakers ready to share the truth they know.

    [1] Doyle Rice, “Study: Global Temperatures could rise 5 degrees by 2050,” USA Today, March 25, 2012.

    [2] See Karl Ritter, “New Report confirms Arctic Ice Melt Accelerating,” AP, May 3, 2014.

    [3] Justin Gillis, “Ending its summer melt, Arctic Sea ice sets a new low that leads to warnings,” New York Times, September 19, 2012.

    [4] Carl Zimmer, “Multitude of Species Face Climate Threat,” The New  York Times, April 4, 2012.

    [5] Carl Zimmer, “Multitude of Species Face Climate Threat,” The New  York Times, April 4, 2012.

  • Afghanistan End Game: Event Report

    Audience members were surveyed by electronic means about various policy questions. The results are not scientific.

    On Wednesday, August 1, the Pell Center and Newport CIV jointly hosted an evening conversation with two prominent experts on the course of the war in Afghanistan.  Dr. Bernard Finel of the National War College and Dr. Mark Jacobson of the German Marshall Fund of the United States engaged an audience of more than 100 people with assessments of where we stand after nearly 11 years of fighting.

    America’s war in Afghanistan began weeks after the al Qaeda attacks of September 11, 2001. Within weeks, the Taliban had been routed. But for more than a decade since, American forces have been engaged in a difficult and violent process to create a state, defeat insurgents, and leave a stable Afghanistan behind.

    Audience members were asked their opinion of various questions. Responses are not scientific.

    President Barack Obama campaigned for president on the idea of leaving Iraq to focus on Afghanistan, and the signature of this refocusing was a surge of U.S. forces into Afghanistan with the purpose of creating the security conditions for the eventual withdrawal of U.S. forces in 2014.But questions remain. Did the United States need a “surge” to achieve its policy goals in Afghanistan? What has been achieved in the last decade, plus, of fighting? How ready are Afghanistan’s forces to protect their own security? How can we assess U.S. policy in Afghanistan today?

    Audience response. Results are not scientific.

    One of the highlights of the event was the use of electronic surveys to poll audience members about specific policy choices in Afghanistan.  Examples of the responses are posted here. The feedback was terrific.  Audience members valued the opportunity to provide instant feedback and the speakers were intrigued by what the audience had to say.

  • Statement on the 40th Anniversary of the Pell Grant

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Newport, RI—To mark the 40th anniversary of the Pell Grant, Dr. Jim Ludes, executive director of the Pell Center at Salve Regina University, issued the following statement:

    Forty years ago, in the middle of the Nixon Administration, the United States Congress created Basic Educational Opportunity Grants, later renamed Pell Grants.  This bipartisan investment in America’s young has provided a remarkable return on its investment.

    The Pell Grant opened the door to college for millions of Americans who otherwise would not have been able to afford an education.  It has helped to grow the ranks of the middle class, to strengthen our society and to provide greater economic opportunity to millions.  Pell Grants stand as a reminder of the opportunity that can be created when Democrats and Republicans work together, and they are an enduring testament to the vision and leadership of Senator Claiborne Pell.

    A Pell Grant today covers only a fraction of the cost of a four-year public education.  It is frequently under assault from those who see it as an example of big government.  But those who were able to afford college because of a Pell Grant know the truth: the Pell Grant is a national resource.  Its recipients have made America stronger, and that is why we celebrate it today.

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  • Do Facts Matter? Should they?

    Former New York Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan once famously quipped: “Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts.”

    If only it were so simple.

    New research and events demonstrate that facts, science, and evidence don’t really matter when we’re discussing controversial issues—even if the controversy is engineered.

    A recent letter in the journal Nature examines the relationship between science literacy and the perception of risk from climate change.  Surprisingly, the researchers conclude that:

    Members of the public with the highest degrees of science literacy and technical reasoning capacity were not the most concerned about climate change.  Rather, they were the one among whom cultural polarization was greatest.

    The up-shot?

    As worthwhile as it would be, simply improving the clarity of scientific information will not dispel public conflict so long as the climate change debate continues to feature cultural meanings that divide citizens of opposing world views.

    The letter itself is very much intended for a professional audience, but it makes for fascinating reading, especially set against the news from North Carolina where Republican legislators insist on using historic trends to assess sea level rise, when the science predicts accelerated rise.  (They were unfairly criticized in some places for “outlawing” sea-level rise.)

    The divide comes down to this:  if you accept the scientific predictions about rising seas and begin to plan for adaptation now (mitigation no longer being an option), then the cost will be significant and we’ll have to start paying it now.  But if you insist on waiting for evidence of acceleration before beginning to adapt, then enduring costs and to coast lines, property, and economies will be even worse.

    This is the essence of Pay Now/Pay Later—a research project we launched in my last year at the American Security Project.  We examined the cost of doing nothing but adapt to climate change in all 50 states.  Yes, we had to make assumptions about projections and impacts, but they are well within the bounds of established science.  And the conclusions were stark: every state in the union will suffer economically from climate change.

    But to accept that conclusion, you have to accept that science, imperfect as it might be, has predictive value.  We’re not talking about certainty.  This isn’t metaphysics, it’s science.  And models, based on our understanding of how climate works, are the best tools we have to deal with a phenomenon that is changing our world.